EPF Interest Rate & Balance Calculation [New Updates]

EPF Interest Rate | Balance Calculation | Calculator | PF Contribution | February 2018 – Get every deep detail about EPF Interest rate & how EPF contribution will be considered. There are many people and members under EPF who wants to know how EPF balance calculate using interest rate, Example of EPF Calculation, Division of EPF Contribution and much more. Here on EPFOSCHEME.IN we will cover the whole process of EPF Interest rate.

UPDATE – The Employees Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) has reduced the interest rates on deposits to 8.55 percent for the year 2017-18. The rate of reduction in interest rate will be directly impacted by people who are employed.

Earlier, the organization had announced 8.65 percent interest rate for 2016-17, while it was 8.8 percent in 2015-16. It was believed that the interest rate would be fixed at 8.65 percent because the EPFO had sold ETFs worth Rs 2886 crore at the beginning of this month to maintain the current interest rate for this financial year.

“The interest rate was fixed considering the surplus that EPF investments generated for the year. Though we were opposed to it, the proposal was accepted by the CBT,” Virjesh Upadhyay said.

Employees Provident Fund (EPF)

When the Employee Provident Fund launched for the different organization (Private & Government) employees, the reason behind is to unlock the better future for the employees in retirement phase by participating in this scheme with contributions made by the employee as well as the employer.

Employees Provident Fund Balance and Interest

The contributions by the member/employee are equal to 12% of her/his Basic Pay plus(+) Dearness Allowance (DA).

In some cases where DA + Basic Pay plus is equal or less than INR 15000/- the contribution of the employee is 12% of DA + Basic Pay & on the other side, the contribution of the employer is 3.67% of the DA + Basic Pay.

The current interest rate applicable to the contributions made by an employee as well as the employer is 8.65% (8.55%). Still, The final calculations of interest rate depending upon the employee’s salary and the breakup of the contribution of PF by the employer.

Rates of Contribution under EPF, EPS, and EDLI

To give you some deep details, before start telling you information let us give you some important points that every member has to know.

Contribution Under Employees Provident Fund (EPF)

  • In some cases, the employer will not pay the higher rate if the employee will pay a higher rate.
  • Administrative charges on higher wages will apply to the employer if the wages are above INR 15,000/-
  • The contributions are payable maximum wage ceiling of INR 15,000/- (both Employee & Employer).
  • Wage ceiling of 15000/- is not applicable, for international workers.
  • The joint request is compulsory from both Employer and Employee If you want to pay contributions on higher wages.

Contribution Under Employees Pension Scheme (EPS)

  • Under EPS the contribution is paid by the employers share under PF.
  • No contribution is payable by the employee.
  • Higher wage ceiling of INR 15,000/- is not applicable for international workers (from 11/09/2010)
  • Normally, pension contributions are payable. If a member joining after completing 50 years of age, does not get the Pension Contribution that he/she will not able to complete the full 10 years of continuous service. The applicable time for social security cover will only be running till he/she is a member.

The pension contributions (Not To Be Paid)

  • If the member completed the age of 58 years and is in service.
  • If the wages is above INR 15,000/- and not the existing EP/EPF member but joins after or on 01/09/2014.
  • The Pension Contribution of 8.33% will be added to the Share of PF done by the Employer.
  • In case, the pensioner re-joins as an employee and drawing Reduced Pension.

Contribution Under Employee Deposit Linked Insurance (EDLI)

  • Under EDLI even if PF is paid on higher wages, the contributions to be paid is up to max wage ceiling of INR 15,000/-
  • Paying the contribution is possible even if the member/employee has completed the age of 58 years and pension contribution is not payable.
  • Each contribution is to be rounded to the nearest rupee.

How is EPF Contribution Divided?

Employee Contribution Employer Contribution
EPF Contributions made by an employee, which is deducted from employee’s salary.

  • 12% of the basic salary of the employee.
EPF Contributions made by the employer, which is also 12% of employee’s basic salary.

Under the employer contribution 12% or the contribution is subdivided into different parts :

  • EDLIS Admin Charges – 0.01%
  • Employee’s Deposit Link Insurance Scheme (EDLIS) – 0.50%
  • EPF Admin Charges – 1.10%
  • Employee’s Provident Fund (EPF) – 3.67%
  • Employee’s Pension Scheme (EPS) – 8.33%

NOTE : In some cases where the employer & the employee contribute with equal amount, they are applicable only to those salaries in which the Dearness Allowance + Basic Salary is equal or equal to INR 15,000/-. If the dearness allowance + the basic salary is more then the mentioned amount then the employer will decide the PF contribution amount, But on the other side the employer contribution will remain the same @8.33%

What If Basic Salary & DA is More than 15,000?

If employee’s basic salary and dearness allowance are above the threshold of INR 15,000/-. In that case, the contribution of the employer towards their employee’s PF will have these methods to choose from. (shown in the table down below)

Method Employer Contribution Employee Contribution
12% of Basic pay – 8.33% of Rs. 15,000/-
12% of Basic pay (+) DA
3.67% of Rs. 15,000/-
12% of Basic pay (+) DA
3.67% of Rs. 15,000/-
12% of Rs. 15,000/-


What If Basic Salary & DA is Equal or Less than 15,000?

If employee’s basic salary and dearness allowance are equal or less than INR 15,000/-. Then employee’s as well as employer’s contribution will be distributed in the way shown in the table down below.

Name Employer Contribution Employee Contribution
Employees Deposit Linked Insurance Scheme
Employees Provident Fund
Employees Pension Scheme
EDLIS Admin Charges
EPF Admin Charges


How to calculate EPF with Calculations & Formula

To make this formula and the calculation easy to understand, we will take an example of SURESH who joined a new company in June month and will work for the monthly salary of INR 20,000/- (DA + Basic). Below is the table which illustrates the calculation method, monthly deductions and the applicable rate of interest.

Employer Contribution (3.67%)
Employee Contribution (12%)
Monthly balance (end of month)
Applicable Interest
Jun – 16
Nil. Just Joined.
Jul – 16
(₹3134 + ₹3134) = ₹6268
(₹13134*8.75% / 12) = ₹22
Aug – 16
(₹6268 + ₹3134) = ₹9402
(₹16268*8.75% / 12) = ₹44
Sep – 16
(₹9402 + ₹3134) = ₹12536
(₹19402*8.75% / 12) = ₹68.55
Oct – 16
(₹12536 + ₹3134) = ₹15670
(₹112536*8.75% / 12) = ₹91.40
Nov – 16
(₹15670 + ₹3134) = ₹18804
(₹115670*8.75% / 12) = ₹114.26
Dec – 16
(₹18804 + ₹3134) = ₹21938
(₹118804*8.75% / 12) = ₹137.11
Jan – 16
(₹21938 + ₹3134) = ₹25072
(₹121938*8.75% / 12) = ₹159.96
Feb – 16
(₹25072 + ₹3134) = ₹28206
(₹125072*8.75% / 12) = ₹182.81
Total EPF Balance at the end of the year 2016-17
(₹28206 + ₹3134) = ₹31340


Download .PDF if this table is not showing properly in mobile devices, such as Smartphones & Tabs.


Some Important Points :

 Interest will be rounded off to the nearest rupee.

In such cases where someone needs death claims, The interest will be restrained to the month transitive the month in which death occurred.

The Employer contributions will depend upon the salary due. i.e., The salary which you will get in September will be payable in October. So, the contribution made in the November month will be marked as a contribution against December but not in November.


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